Succulents thrive without soil
Not all succulent species are dependent on cultivation in soil. In their habitats, they have learned to perch on alternative supports to extract water and nutrients from the air or to collect them in leaf funnels. You can find out which succulents stand out here.
Succulent-without-earth tillandsia thrive on wood
Epiphytic succulents are not dependent on substrate
The succulent plant type includes a variety of exotic families and genera. Among them are various floral survivors who prefer life as epiphytes. A prime example of succulents without soil are bromeliads, such as the unique genus Tillandsia. You can attach these extravagant beauties to various documents. That is how it goes:
Attach small tillandsia to the tiles in the bathroom with a suction cup
Put the plant in a wooden block on a stainless steel stick
Fix succulent bromeliads on a stone with a special adhesive
Watering succulents properly – tips & tricks
Which succulents are suitable for bonsai? – These 2 types are recommended
These succulents are suitable for outdoors – a selection of beautiful species
A creative design variant is tying stem-forming tillandsia on a branch. Nylon stockings cut into strips act as fastening material. With the help of a stemless Tillandsia species, the Spanish moss (Tillandsia usenoides), the attachment point can be decoratively concealed. Since Spanish moss is not classified as a succulent plant, regular water supply is essential.
Spray with water daily
So that succulents do not dry up without soil, the most important premises are a humid location and daily spraying with lime-free water. From April to September, add a liquid succulent fertilizer to the spray water every 3 to 4 weeks.
The “most serious” problem of succulents is their ease of cultivation, so much so that they would have gone to plant them and forget about it: it would be a very serious mistake. Although it is true that the “fat” (the correct term is “succulent”) is content with little, it is a false myth that they do not need treatment. There are a few simple rules for growing succulents so that they grow healthy and beautiful: first of all, all types of succulents need periodic repotting, which are then what guarantees their good health and vigorous growth, good ventilation, plenty of sunlight and little water in winter.
Summer watering depends largely on the climate: in dry climates, with scorching and arid summers, they want almost daily watering, wetting the ground bread well, and letting it dry. What everyone fears are the stagnation of water. It’s the first thing you need to avoid!
Why is it important to identify them correctly?
Succulents come from a large number of habitats found in tropical and subtropical, desert, and even mountainous and arid areas. They share the ability to retain moisture in the fabrics and this makes them capable of withstanding prolonged periods of drought. The correct term is “succulent”, those that produce thorns are commonly called “cactus”, but they are all grouped together under the common name of “fat” for swollen and chubby tissues.
They have quite diversified cultivation needs, some are rustic, some are not; most prefer direct and abundant sun, others are suitable for indoor cultivation and in low-light environments. In a nutshell, for the correct cultivation, it is necessary to give the seedlings the conditions as close as possible to that of the growth in nature, therefore it is essential a correct identification, which reaches at least the genus and possibly species and varieties. Unfortunately, the nurserymen, especially the small ones, do not apply any tags and the identifications become a lottery, but – remember – for serious cultivation of this type of plant you must have a botanical identification, and that this is not at all simple.
Having a serious manual is essential.
The advantages of pot cultivation:
The fats are excellent for container cultivation for many reasons; one is that the root bread grows slowly and does not need to have too much space. It seems like a paradox but it is so. Among other things, more land implies more water, and therefore more danger of rotting.
Some, like agaves, need to find obstacles to throw suckers.
Another reason is that the soil is easily controlled, therefore it can be diversified according to need, wet, and fertilized according to the plant.
No less important is the fact that the container enhances the uniqueness of form and colors, lifts the plant from the ground, and makes it more sculptural.
Precautions necessary for cultivation in open ground
The most harmful things for fats are water stagnation, excessive fertilization, dense and prolonged shade combined with little circulation, and moist air.
In the open ground, it is essential to group them for cultivation needs and provide more than excellent drainage.
Those that appear leafier, especially some succulent plants, like a certain shade in the middle hours of the day, because the leaves could burn.
We often repeat that Italy is a country that embraces a certain variety of climates, so if you live in areas with cool summers, a position in the south is still convenient, where the insolation is maximum and without filters.
So why do we see them in some gardens close to streams and rocks? Because if the watercourse is artificial, as in the case of the photo, it is rather simple to channel it so that the water does not filter into the ground. The plants thus benefit from the difference in the level of the soil, so that they can expand and decompose, that is, lie in their bed, without being in the least annoyed by the presence of humidity.
The importance of repotting:
Succulents benefit greatly from repottings, especially when they are small. They should be repotted once a year, while the more mature ones once every three years or more. When the plant becomes sad, it stops growing, most likely it needs repotting, not fertilizer!
Plants should be planted immediately, just purchased. They should not be watered immediately after but sprayed two or three times before watering normally, after about seven days.