crassula perforata is small in size, producing gray-green leaves covered with reddish specks.
Crassula is part of the Crassulaceae family and the Crassula genus, it is a large group of succulent plants originating in the arid areas of southern Africa.
The name of this plant derives from the Latin crassus which means “fat” just to describe their nature.
Crassula is a succulent, evergreen, and shrub-like plant, characterized by thick and fleshy leaves, of rather dark green and by fleshy stems too, with the important function of storing water. It produces small five-petal flowers similar to small white or pink stars, sometimes collected in inflorescences. Flowering, depending on the species, occurs from March to September.
It is fairly easy to grow the plant: it requires little cultural care, which is why it is present in almost all our homes. Beautiful, easy to grow: the perfect combination for diffusion.
Tips for growing Crassula
Often you opt for the succulent plant because you think that succulents, in general, do not need any care, which “come up on their own” in short. This is a gross mistake because, even if the Crassula does not require too much care, it is still necessary to respect its needs, especially if you want to make the plant survive at its best.
So few but necessary treatments. The reward will be a nice growth.
Crassula better in a pot or in the ground?
The specimens already adult and well developed in the milder areas can live in the ground in your garden.
It can be grown in the open ground only in the milder coastal areas of Southern Italy and along the Tyrrhenian coast, but always in a sheltered position and completely sunny all year round. It can be grown in pots in all other Italian areas, the pot can be moved outside from May to September, and kept indoors or in the greenhouse in other months. The suitable pot must be one third smaller than the crown size in terracotta. It is better to use low pots with a maximum diameter of 15 cm wider than deep since the root system tends to develop in width rather than in depth.
Exposure and temperature
Crassula is a lover of warmth. During the summer it must be left at temperatures around 21 ° C even in winter they must not drop below 10 degrees.
La Crassula loves the air, especially in summer, it is good to place it near an open window if you do not have the opportunity to move it outside. It is important that you settle in a bright area, in all seasons of the year, with direct exposure to the sun, (but not behind the glass of a window in the summer because the concentration of the rays would be too direct) therefore perfect l southern exposure.
In open ground, the substrate must be loose, sandy, and very well-drained. It should be repotted every 3-4 years in spring, during the repotting operation the roots must be checked: if they are blackened or greyish they must be eliminated using sterilized scissors and sprinkling the broad spectrum fungicidal powder in the wounds of the cut. The substrate must be well-drained and composed of a part of the earth for flowering plants, one of coarse sand and one of fine-grained lapillus, or of soil for succulents mixed with sand.
The Crassula is watered in moderation, from March to September, only when the soil is well dry.
From mid-November to mid-March, irrigation should be suspended until spring.
It is important not to leave stagnant water in the saucer as water stagnation is not tolerated and causes root rot.
The crassula should be fertilized monthly, in the period from May to November, with a product for succulents diluted in irrigation water. In the autumn and throughout the winter, the fertilizations must be suspended because the Crassula goes into vegetative rest. The ideal fertilizer has the balanced amount of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium and also microelements such as magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), boron (B), molybdenum (Mo), all important for correct and balanced growth of the plant.
The plant usually begins to bloom from March and continues throughout the summer, until September.
Crassula should not be pruned, but only the dissected leaves must be eliminated with a clean and disinfected tool.
It is possible to multiply the Crassula by cutting, by seed, or by suckers.
As with all plants with seed multiplication, there is no certainty of obtaining plants equal to the mother plants.
Multiplication by suckers
In the spring months, a basal sucker is taken and will be planted in a mixture of peat and sand in equal parts. It is brought to light (not direct sun), it is kept warm, it is fertilized once a month and, as soon as the new shoots appear, the seedling can be treated as an adult.
Multiplication by cuttings
May and June represent the optimal months to take the 10-15 cm long cutting and plant it at 5 cm deep in sand and peat. The pot is kept at a temperature of about 21 ° C.
when the first roots begin to appear, Crassula can be treated as an adult plant.
Multiplication by seeds
Multiplication by seeds is done in March or September. The seeds should be distributed on a soil composed of fine sand and soil by seed.
The container must be placed in the shade, at 21 ° C and slightly damp.
When the seeds are brought to light, and when the seedlings are large enough, they are transplanted into pots.
Pests and diseases
Bad cultivation techniques can cause crassula pathophysiologies.
If too many waterings are given then the stem can rot, on the contrary, few irrigations cause the green parts of the plant to discolor.
Too low temperatures or cold drafts can cause the plant to shrivel and cause it to lose its leaves
The cochineal manifests itself with brown spots on the underside of the leaves and can be removed by washing the plant.
Plant native to southern Africa. Some species have a high ornamental value and adapt well to apartment life. Crassula is suitable for purifying the atmosphere in enclosed spaces of harmful chemicals.
It prefers light and well-drained soils. The repotting is carried out in spring, when necessary, using not excessively large pots. Multiplication takes place by leaf or stem cuttings in spring-summer; it is obtained by removing some leaves from the mother plant which are left to dry for a few days before planting them in a pot of moistened sand; the stem cuttings are obtained by cutting small pieces of a branch of about 4-5 cm and making them root in a mixture of sand and peat. It is also possible to propagate it by seed.
Speaking of combinations: both in the open ground and in pots, at the base of the already adult specimens, you can insert other succulent plants, or even aloe or agave, provided they are small and slow-growing.
Language of flowers
The crassula is considered a symbol of good luck in China and therefore represents the perfect gift for the home: it is thought to bring prosperity, luck, and wealth. It is known with the nickname “money tree” precisely because, according to the principles of Feng Shui, it is thought to bring economic well-being to the house that hosts it.
It represents the ideal gift for all those occasions when you want to wish prosperity: a new job, a wedding, etc.
In the language of flowers, the crassula has a meaning full of good wishes. Let’s rush to buy one for our homes!