It is a very common houseplant, it is often placed in a beautiful vase or vase holder to make it a pleasant piece of furniture. Being space-saving and requiring little care, it is perfect as an office plant and for public exercises such as shops, bars, restaurants, etc.
Sansevieria (also called Sanseveria or Sansevera) belongs to the Liliaceae family and the genus includes about 50 species native to tropical and subtropical Africa and south-east Asia.
It is a perennial plant with rhizomatous roots.
The leaves, arranged in a rosette, are consistent and fibrous, with a more or less elongated or cylindrical lanceolate shape. The color is bright green with light or dark green streaks and light sidebands.
The Sansevieria genus (generally called Sanseveria) includes perennial herbaceous plants that we often find in our homes and offices both because they are grown very easily and for their undisputed beauty.
It is a plant that is well suited to apartment life: beautiful to look at, practical and robust, it furnishes and also has a beautiful meaning.
It is a plant that purifies the air of chemicals and formalizes, therefore in addition to elegantly furnishing it has this important property suitable for our well-being.
Sanseviera can basically be divided into two types: with straight and lanceolate leaves and with leaves that develop into a rosette. In both species, the leaves are consistent and fleshy and come to life from a large, generally underground stem that acts as a reserve organ.
We know about 60 species of Sansevieria, the best known are:
Tips on How to Grow Sansevieria:
Sansevieria tolerates high temperatures well. During the summer months, it also tolerates temperatures of 30 degrees. During the winter take care that the thermometer does not drop below 3 ° C for more than two days in a row because the leaves can be damaged. Sansevieria loves light, except for a few species that prefer shade.
as far as water needs are concerned, Sansevieria must be treated as a succulent plant, therefore it must be watered only when the soil dries out, otherwise, the rhizome would rot.
Especially during the winter, watering should not exceed once a month.
Another system is the following:
The soil should be kept slightly damp and one of the best systems is to partially immerse the pot every week, for half an hour, in a container containing water; in winter the operation must be performed only every 20/25 days to avoid the danger of rotting phenomena, very frequent for these plants.
It is good not to be placed where there are drafts.
The most suitable soil for Sansevieria is made up of a mixture of well-sifted meadowland, leaf land, and sand in equal parts. The repotting is carried out between February and March, while the multiplication is carried out by a division of the tufts between February and beef or for this of leaves, in the greenhouse, burying fragments of about 8 cm in very sandy loam.
Sanseveria is repotted in the months of March – April, in that period the pot becomes too small compared to the roots. Fertile soil should be used. Earthenware parts can be placed in the bottom of the pot to ensure optimal drainage. If repotting is not carried out, the topsoil must be removed (about 3 cm) and replaced with new soil.
During summer and spring, Sanseveria is fertilized once a month with a good liquid fertilizer. During the winter, fertilizations must be suspended. The optimal fertilizer is the one that has a higher quantity of nitrogen (N) able to favor the development of the green parts. Other important elements are phosphorus (P), potassium (K), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), boron (B), molybdenum (Mo).
Excellent are the sprays to the foliage to be performed once a week with water and hormonal stimulant to make the foliage acquire greater beauty and vigor;
Sansevieria is generally not pruned but the leaves that dry out must be eliminated.
Sanseviera rarely blooms in an apartment. The very small Sansevieria flowers are collected in a white-greenish spike inflorescence and are quite fragrant. Flowering occurs in autumn or winter depending on the environment in which the plant is grown.
Sansevieria can be reproduced both by the division of the plant and by leaf cutting.
The name of this plant derives from that of Raimondo di Sangrio prince of San Severo, who lived in the eighteenth century.